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What is JAVA collection !

In Java, a collection is an object that groups multiple elements into a single unit. It provides a way to store, retrieve, and manipulate data in various data structures and is an essential part of the Java Collections Framework, which is a set of classes and interfaces in Java that provide implementations of common data structures like lists, sets, maps, and queues.

The Java Collections Framework provides several key interfaces and classes for working with collections. Some of the main interfaces and classes include:

  • 1. Collection: This is the root interface of the Java Collections Framework and represents a group of objects. It provides methods for adding, removing, and querying elements in a collection.
  • 2. List: A list is an ordered collection that allows duplicate elements. Common implementations include ArrayList and LinkedList.
  • 3. Set: A set is an unordered collection that does not allow duplicate elements. Common implementations include HashSet and TreeSet.
  • 4. Map: A map is a collection of key-value pairs, where each key is associated with a value. Common implementations include HashMap and TreeMap.
  • 5. Queue: A queue is a collection that follows the FIFO (First-In, First-Out) order. Common implementations include LinkedList and PriorityQueue.

The Java Collections Framework provides a standardized way to work with data structures, making it easier to write efficient and maintainable code. It also offers algorithms for searching, sorting, and manipulating collections, and it's a fundamental part of Java programming for managing and organizing data.

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